Today, the recommendation is that as we get older, we should monitor our blood pressure regularly. In order to comply to this reccomendation, we need to understand what is a blood pressure reading and how to conduct a blood pressure check.
So What is Blood pressure?
The term refers to the pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of blood vessels. Blood pressure is not a constant measure - it is different from person to person, and varies during the day as a result of changes in physical activity, mental stress, sleep and even smoking habits.
Blood pressure is a physical phenomenon of high fluid pressure in the blood vessels. It is easily diagnosed, using blood pressure tests, while sitting at rest. Proper blood pressure ranges from values 80 to 120.
How can you know if you have high blood pressure?
The best and safest way to diagnose hypertension is a simple routine checkup of the blood pressure. The examination is performed by the clinic nurse and can be also performed at home by self-examination of the blood pressure using blood pressure monitor.
Reccomended devices are:
Omron 10 Series Wireless Bluetooth Upper Arm Blood Pressure Monitor with Two User Mode (200 Reading Memory) - Compatible with Alexa
Omron blood pressure monitors are the #1 recommended brand by doctors and pharmacists for clinically-accurate home blood pressure monitoring, and the #1 selling manufacturer of blood pressure monitors for over 40.
Pros: Takes 3 readings at 1-minute intervals and averages them. Great visual indicators, including multicolor lights. Bluetooth-compatible app. Stores up to 200 readings. Can toggle between 2 users.
Cons: Expensive, but you are paying for performance, accuracy, and features that are unmatched by any other product.
Pros: Two-piece monitor shows BP, heart rate; warns of irregular heartbeats. Contoured cuff wraps comfortably around upper arm. Memory holds 100 readings.
Cons: Lacks bluetooth functionality like the 10 Series.
If you like the convenience of a wrist BP monitor, this easy-to-use device w/multiple features and great performance could be for you.
Pros: Monitor automatically inflates when you are in position. Informative BP bar compares your results to "normal" range. Averages 3 readings in 10 minutes. Detects irregular beats. Includes storage case.
Cons: Not suitable for those with very large wrists. No multi-user function.
LotFancy Blood Pressure Monitor, Upper Arm Large Cuff (11.8-16.5"), 4-User Mode Electronic Sphygmomanometer (FDA Approved)
LotFancy blood pressure monitors are the most cost-effective and the most user-friendly brand for clinically-accurate home blood pressure monitoring
How to do the test?
So let us try and understand what happen when we're measureing blood pressure - we're measuring blood pressure by a measuring sleeve connected to a pressure gauge. The measuring sleeve is filled with air, until the pressure on the arm is higher than the blood pressure. So the blood flow to the armpit is temporarily stopped. The blood pressure is measured by two numerical parameters: the large number (systolic) belongs to pressure in the arteries during the heartbeat, while the small number (diastolic) describes the blood pressure in the arteries between the heartbeat (in relaxation).
Learn how to measure blood pressure with blood pressure monitor.
Learn how to read the digital blood pressure result:
A simple blood pressure test can determine your blood pressure. In seniors it is recommended to perform the test several times a year in order to prevent neglect.
Low blood pressure-values and dangers
So what is considered to be low ranges of blood pressure - well, values of 90-60 and even sometimes lower values. It is not as lethal as high blood pressure, but it requires medical attention. Low blood pressure can be caused by hyperhidrosis, diarrhea, poor nutrition, lack of exercise, heart problems, diseases such as hypothyroidism and diabetes. Certain medications taken by a person can also lead to low blood pressure.
Low blood pressure symptoms:
Low blood pressure is usually accompanied by fatigue and general weakness, rapid pulse, blurring of vision, difficulty concentrating, and headaches. Low blood pressure in the elderly is sometimes caused temporarily, when the elderly move suddenly like when they get up quickly from sitting.
To address the problem, consult your doctor to identify the causes of the condition. For example: If the blood pressure is caused by a drug or certain medications, the drug may be replaced. In addition, it is recommended to maintain a healthy diet that includes all the food groups. Fair exercise and proper sleep and posture help to treat low blood pressure.
What is High blood pressure - Hypertension?
Hypertension is an internal phenomenon in which the blood presses on the walls of the arteries, causing damage to various parts of the body and blood. The higher the blood pressure, or when the treatment is neglected, the damage caused to the elderly body increases. Hypertension can lead to heart disease, cardiac arrest, vascular problems, or blockage or rupture of blood vessels in the brain, kidneys, and eye area. In rare cases, hypertension can even cause memory problems, neurological complications that impair daily functioning.
High blood pressure can be caused by two main factors: a disease - such as atherosclerosis, heart and kidney disease and hormonal system problems or other mental and physical factors such as persistent stress, lack of sleep and fear. High blood pressure is very common in the elderly known as the "silent killer," since it is not noticeable without proper examination.
In most people with high blood pressure, there are no clear and real symptoms, even if blood pressure levels are high and dangerous. Sometimes hypertensive patients experience headaches, dizziness, or nasal bleeding.
High blood pressure values:
The condition is defined as moderate hypertension, with the lowest number being between 104 and 114 and the largest is greater than 160
The condition is defined as severe hypertension, with the lower number being greater than 114 and the large number greater than 160.
A nice summary for what is blood pressure:
Treatment for high blood pressure:
Balancing high blood pressure is essential for preventing diseases like heart disease and brain events. It is therefore important to ensure that a person suffering from high blood pressure will be monitored continuously by a family doctor and will receive medication to control blood pressure.
In addition to medications and regular monitoring of blood pressure, there are other aspects to watch after in lifestyle of the person who suffers from high blood pressure:
- Changes in dietary habits:
- Reducing salt intake
- A fat-free diet to lower blood cholesterol,
- Reducing alcohol intake - should be made.
- Consumption of coffee, tea and cola is also not recommended
- It is recommended to eat more fruits and vegetables, to add vitamins C and E, and to consume fish oil. Also eating garlic has been proven that over time is beneficial to the health of the blood vessels.
- Stop smoking - it will contribute significantly to blood pressure control.
- It is important to maintain regular daily exercise , especially walking, biking and swimming.
- It is important to know that early prevention of hypertension can be achieved by maintaining a relaxed lifestyle and reduced pressures. Relaxation techniques can help reduce tension in the body and, consequently, affect blood pressure in the body, and can help solve the problem. You can get a natural and therapeutic response to Homeopathy, Reflexology, Shiatsu, Acupuncture, Naturopathy and more.